Graph Based Induction of Unresponsive Routers in Internet Topologies

TitleGraph Based Induction of Unresponsive Routers in Internet Topologies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKardes H, Gunes MH, Sarac K
JournalComputer Networks
Volume81
Pagination178–200
Date Published22 April 2015
ISSN1389-1286
Abstract

Internet topology measurement studies utilize traceroute to collect path traces from the Internet. A router that does not respond to a traceroute probe is referred as an unresponsive router and is represented by a ‘’ in the traceroute output. Unresponsive router resolution refers to the task of identifying the occurrences of ‘’s that belong to the same router in the underlying network. This task is an important step in building representative traceroute-based topology maps and obtaining an optimum solution, i.e., minimal graph under trace and distance preservation conditions, is shown to be NP-complete. In this paper, we first analyze the nature of unresponsive routers and identify different types of unresponsiveness. We also conduct an experimental study to understand how the responsiveness of routers has changed over the last decade. We then utilize a novel graph data indexing approach to build an efficient solution to the unresponsive router resolution problem. The results of our experiments on both synthetic and sampled topologies show a significant improvement in accuracy and effectiveness over the existing approaches. Our experiments also demonstrate that applying IP alias resolution along with unresponsive router resolution results in a final topology closer to the original topology.