Six Degrees of Separation among US Researchers

TitleSix Degrees of Separation among US Researchers
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsKardes H, Sevincer A, Gunes MH, Yuksel M
Conference Name2012 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM)
KeywordsCollaboration, collaboration pattern, collaboration trend, complex network analysis, Complex networks, educational institution, educational institutions, government agency, government data processing, government fund, government policies, institution level, National Science Foundation, NSF, Peer to peer computing, public finance, research funding, Research funding networks, research initiatives, researcher level, Science - general, Six degrees of separation, six-degrees of separation, state level, United States, US Government, US researcher

Funding from the government agencies has been the driving force for the research and educational institutions particularly in the United States. The government funds billions of dollars every year to lead research initiatives that will shape the future. In this paper, we analyze the funds distributed by the National Science Foundation (NSF), a major source of research funding in the States, to understand the collaboration patterns among researchers and institutions. Using complex network analysis, we interpret the collaboration patterns at researcher, institution and state levels by constructing the corresponding networks based on the number of grants collaborated. We further analyze the directorates to identify the differences in collaboration trends between disciplines.